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India Republic Day
Hinduism is the World’s third largest religion. Hinduism has no founder or date of origin. But Hinduism is generally regarded as the world's oldest organized religion. Hinduism is the predominant religion of the Indian subcontinent. Hinduism is not strictly a religion. It is based on the practice of Dharma, the code of life. Most forms of Hinduism are henotheistic religions. Hinduism is a religion with various gods and goddesses. According to Hinduism, three Lords rule the world. There is Brahma, he is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver and Shiva is the destroyer. Hinduism began to gain popularity in the west in the 20th century. Most of the Hindus are the respect authority of the Vedas and they followed it.
A Hinduism belief is referring to the religious mainstream. Hinduism is independent religion separate from Buddhism or Jainism. The beliefs of Hindu thought are wide and varied, and have been expounded upon by saints and writers throughout the centuries. Hinduism is beliefs the one god, Brahma. In practice, each Hindu worships those few deities that he or she believes directly influence his or her life. He is the creator and Shiva and Vishnu also played there rolls. Hinduism fundamentals include the Vedas. Hinduism is a way of living according to the one understands of principles of Vedas and Upanishads. Veda is revealed knowledge.
Authority of the Vedas and Brahmans:
In Hindu religion, Vedas are very important fundamental. Vedas are containing four important categories of knowledge related to Dharma. There are (1) Injunctions and Prohibitions (2) Valedictory and depreceatory passages (3) MantrAs and (4) Names. Vedas text is composed in Sanskrit literature. Vedic mantras are recited at Hindu prayers, religious functions and other auspicious occasions. Vedas are studies particularly Brahmans. The knowledge of the Vedas is endless, compared to them human knowledge is like mere handfuls of dirt. They have power and authority about the other Hindu caste.
Brahman: Ultimate Reality:
Brahman is the name for the ultimate, unchanging reality, composed of pure being and consciousness. Brahmans are a member of the highest, or priestly, Hindu caste. The vast majority of modern Brahmins are in occupations unrelated to religion, but they have retained their social prestige and many caste conventions. Brahman is of the nature of existence-knowledge-bliss-absolute-the ground of all existence, basis of all awareness, and source of all bliss. The Brahmins of India are divided into 10 territorial subcastes, 5 in the north and 5 in the south.
Karma means "deed" or "act" and more broadly names the universal principle of cause and effect. The law of karma is a simple and straightforward concept according to which begins, not just men, are awarded or punished according t their own actions and intentions. One of the first and most dramatic illustrations of karma can be found in the Bhagavad Gita. The original Hindu concept of karma was later enhanced by several other movements within the religion. Karma is not punishment but simply an extended expression or consequence of natural acts.
Polytheism is the belief in and worship of many gods and goddesses. Though Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are monotheistic most other religions throughout history have been polytheistic. Polytheists do not always worship all the gods equally. The numerous gods may be dominated by a supreme god or by a small group of powerful gods. The gods of modern Hinduism include the chief gods Shiva, Vishnu and the Mother Goddess Shakti as well as a myriad of local community gods. Many Vaishnavas regard Shiva as the topmost devotee of Vishnu.
Purpose of Life:
Hinduism purpose of life is quite simple, but baffling to our minds. Every persons gets what that person deserves even though decisions are freely arrived at, there is no chance in the universe. Four main purpose or aims of human life there are Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Dharma is Sanskrit word is meaning of teaching, law and religion. Dharma represents the knowledge of our true purpose including right action according to the highest principles. Kama is the natural desire for enjoyment and passion that feeds and propels the soul’s progress. Artha means wealth. Hinduism recognizes the importance of material wealth for the overall happiness and well being of an individual. Moksha means release. It is the cycle of death and rebirth or reincarnation and all of the suffering and limitation of worldly existence.
Hinduism religion is the third largest religion of the World. It is the simply religion of the people of the India. One of the oldest living religions in the world, Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it had no single founder but grew over a period of 4,000 years in syncretism with the religious and cultural movements of the Indian subcontinent. The word ‘Hindu’ came into being with the arrival of Muslims invaders. They called the people who lived along the Sindhu River as ‘Hindu’ and the place ‘Hindustan.’ Hinduism is composed of innumerable sects and has no well-defined ecclesiastical organization. The first phase of Hinduism was early Brahmanism, the religion of the priests or Brahmans who performed the Vedic sacrifice, through the power of which proper relation with the gods and the cosmos is established. In Hinduism has four classes are the Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Modern Hindu leaders such as Swami Vivekananda, Mohandas Gandhi, and Aurobindo Ghose, have given voice to a movement away from the traditional ideal of world-renunciation and asceticism and have asserted the necessity of uniting spiritual life with social concerns. After independence in 1947 the impact of Hinduism on the political life of a country in which more than 80% of the people are adherents was moderated by the long-term rule of the Congress party, which has striven to maintain a secular democracy. In Hindu religion, The Dancing Shiva is the Hindu God of Dance. Shiva as Nataraj also symbolizes spiritual virility in the Yogi. Vishnu and his incarnations Rama and Krishna, Brahma is a creator of universe.
Hinduism religion life of many Hindus is focused on devotion to God. There are Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Shakti (Durga). Hindus are engage in Puja at home or temple. The daily ritual of puja is performed in a sacred corner in a worship room of the home. Hindus perform their worship through icons. Hinduism associates many symbols, which include the lotus, chakra and veena, with particular deities. The symbols of Om and Swastika are grown to represent Hinduism itself, while other markings such as tilaka identify a follower of the faith. The worshiper offers the god flowers, fruits, and cooked food. There are special rituals that only the priests, or brahmin, can perform. Rites of passage rituals are the most common special occasion rituals performed by Hindus. In Hindu religion, marriages are middle age passage. The actual wedding ceremony is performed by the priest and signifies the joining of the souls. The final rite of passage is death. In the Hindu tradition, individuals are cremated and special rites are done to ensure a good after life.
The Hinduism Denomination sects are Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism. These four denominations share rituals, beliefs, and traditions, but each denomination has a different philosophy on how to achieve life's ultimate goal. Vaishnavism is the largest sect. The presence of different denominations and schools within Hinduism should not be viewed as a schism. Vaishnavism is one of the major sub-traditions of Hinduism and has the largest numbers of followers within the tradition. Vaishavism is a sect of Hinduism whose followers believe in the deity Vishnu. Shaivism is the second largest religious community in cotemporary India. Followers of Shaivism called as Shaivas. Shiva is one of the three members of the Trimurti. Shaktism is one of the four primary sects of Hinduism. Shaktism focusses on the goddess generically called "Devi." She is worshipped most often as the consort of Shiva, but has also been raised to the status of the Supreme. Smartism is the most liberal of the four major Hindu denominations. The term Smarta refers to adherents who follow the Vedas and Shastras. It is ancient Vedic brahminical tradition which from the 9th century onward was guided and deeply influenced by the Advaita Vedanta teachings of the reformist Adi Shankara. Hinduism is the oldest major religion. Hinduism is a family of religions with four principal denominations. There are Saivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism and Smartism. In Hinduism schools conducted Yoga, Purva Mimamsa, Uttara Mimamsa, Nyaya, Vaisheshika and Samkhya education.
Hindu sects include Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smartism. Philosophical Schools of Hinduism Yoga, Purva Mimamsa (Mimamsa), Uttara Mimamsa (Vedanta), Nyaya, Vaisheshika and Samkhya.
Hindu religious literature is divided into two main categories, there are one is sruti, that which has been heard and another one is smruti, which has been remembered. Sruti consists essentially of the Vedas and the Agamas, preserved initially through oral tradition and eventually written down in Sanskrit. In a general sense, smrti may refer to any text other than sruti that is revered as scripture within a particular sect. Smrti is supplementary and may change over time. Smrti is referring to the six or more Vedangas, the four Upavedas, the two Itihasas, and the 18 main Puranas. It is authoritative only to the extent that it conforms to the bedrock of sruti. There are different opinions about the relative validity and importance of sruti and smrti. Some Hindus stress the foundational importance of sruti, whereas others say that in making truths accessible, smrti is more important today. Sruti is also the subject of deep study and meditation, to realize the wisdom of the ancients within oneself. Sruti text explained by Smriti text and makes them meaningful to the general population.
Hindu Holidays and Hindu Calendar
Hinduism is the largest, oldest and permanent religion of India. In Hinduism have many spiritual paths as there are spiritual aspirants, and as many Gods as there are devotees. A lunar calendar is used to determine the dates of most of the Hindu festivals. The dates of the Hindu holidays presented on this site are based on the 1957 Indian civil calendar that was recommended by a government committee in 1952. Hindus celebrated their festival reasons are the birth of gods, death of asuras, victory of the gods, marriage of the gods, the new year, new months, full moons, new moons, harvests, birthdays, initiations, marriages, deaths, anniversaries. Generally the Hindu festivals celebrated with variety of rituals, including worship, prayer, processions, magical acts, music, dancing, lovemaking, eating, drinking, and feeding the poor. All Hindu holidays are listed above. To learn more about a specific Hindu holiday, please click the link of that particular Hindu holiday.