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Jewish Holidays

S.NO. Jewish Holidays Month/Date Days
1 Rosh Hashanah
2 Yom Kippur
3 Sukkot
4 Shemini Atzeret
5 Simchat Torah
6 Chanukah
7 Tu Bish'vat
8 Purim
9 Pesach (Passover)
10 Yom Hashoan
11 Yom Hazikaron
12 Yom Haatza-ut
13 Lag Baomer
14 Shavuot
15 Tishah B'av
16 Tevet 10
17 Fast of Esther
18 Holocaust Remembrance Day
19 Yom HaShoah
Judaism is a one of the monotheistic religions. This is started at the small nation of the Hebrews. Judaism religion people suffered from the thousands of year for persecution, dispersion and occasional victory. The Judaism religion people have profoundly influential religion and culture. Now today the many people identify the Jewish culture. In modern Judaism central authority is not vested in any single person or body. It is a faith which recognizes Abraham as a Patriarch. Judaism, historically it has considered belief in the divine revelation.
Jewish Beliefs
Judaism has few essential beliefs. Judaism is the central religious belief of only one God. The religious God is taken special care of the Hebrews. This diversity in Jewish belief arises in part because actions. Religious beliefs are the most important aspect of Jewish religious life. Although the Tankh records significant periods of the apostasy, among many Israelites from Judaism’s beliefs. Judaism is the known as “movements” have developed in modern times as varying responses to secularism and modernity.
Jewish History
Jewish history is the most importance in the Judaism. Many texts and traditions are central to the other Abrahamic religions, with Jewish history and the principles and ethics of Judaism having influenced Christianity and Islam. The first two periods of the Judaism history is mainly that of the Fertile Crescent. Who settled in the land of Israel, Jews was around the world claim descent mostly from the ancient Israelites. In 4th century BCE is often referred to by scholars as "Biblical Judaism." The religion of the patriarchs was simple, and centered on the agreement between Abraham and God. In 6th century BCE the Judahite elite was exiled to Babylon. Under the leadership of last three leaders of Jewish Prophets Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi the second temple was constructed. At first independent was under the roman rule of Judea, Jewish kingdom first by the Hasmonaeans then by the Herodians, but gradually their power declined, until it came under the direct rule of Romans and renamed the Iudaea Province. In 351 CE, the Jewish population in Sepphoris Roman laws started a revolt under the leadership of Patricius against the rule of Constantius Gallus. Jewish populations had existed in Europe. Almost no Jews lived in Western Europe in 17th century. During the period of the European Renaissance and Enlightenment, significant changes were happening within the Jewish community. During the period of 1870s and 1880s the Jewish population in Europe started to discuss more about immigrating to Israel and to establish a national home to the Jewish nation. The British Mandate of Palestine started and the British had promised to create and foster a Jewish national home in Palestine in the year of 1920. In 1939 World War II began and until 1941 Hitler occupied almost all of Europe, including Poland. At the time millions of Jews were living in France. Jewish resistance organizations in Palestine unified and established the Jewish Resistance Movement in the 1945. Now the Israel is a parliamentary democracy country and population of 7.1 million people and which was about 5.8 million of people are Jewish religions.
Jewish Holidays and Jewish Calendar
The Jewish calendar is used by the lunar calendar. The calendar is used to reckon the Jewish New Year and dates for Jewish holidays. The Hebrew calendar was used by the Jews for all daily purposes. Following the conquest of Jerusalem by Pompey in 63 BCE Jews began additionally following the imperial civil calendar for civil matters. This Jewish calendar, still in use, standardized the length of months and the addition of months over the course of a 19 year cycle. Jews do not generally use the words "A.D." and "B.C." to refer to the years on the Gregorian calendar. The "first month" of the Jewish calendar is the month of Nissan. The month of Nissan occurs 11 days earlier each year for two or three years. The American "new year" starts in January but the Jewish calendar has different starting points for different purposes. Jewish calendar, still in use, standardized the length of months and the addition of months over the course of a 19 year cycle.

All Jewish holidays are listed above. To learn more about a specific Jewish holiday, please click the link of that particular Jewish holiday.
Jewish Rituals and Jewish Ceremonies
Judaism has required specialists or authorities for the practice of very few rituals or ceremonies from the time of the Mishnah and Talmud. The Jewish people have had a huge effect on society while nearly always being in a minority. Jewish life is marked by numerous occasions in which individuals and families take time out of their everyday. Judaism religion has most important events. Although a large number of prayers are recited at home as well as in the synagogue.

Birth and Naming Ceremonies: Birth and Naming Ceremonies are the first Sabbath after a Jewish child is born. In Jewish tradition baby girls go through a zeved habat. The girls undergo their ceremony at the first shabbat following their birth. The boys are circumcised and named on the eighth day after their birth as part of their circumcision ceremony. Most Ashkenazi Jews name a baby girl the first Sabbath after she is born. The birth of a child is a momentous occasion that we all want to share with everyone around us.

Circumcision: Circumcision is the performed on the eighth day of a boy's life. Brit Milah means Convenant of Circumcision. Brit Milah is also called Bris Milah. It is a Jewish ceremony in which infant Jewish boys are brought into the covenant commanded by God to Abraham over 3,700 years ago. The only time the Jewish people willingly desisted from this practice was during the 40 years of wandering in the Sinai wilderness. Brit Milah cannot be performed at night or before the eight day, and is considered invalid if done so. The day of birth counts as the first day.

Redemption of the Firstborn: Redemption of the Firstborn is the ceremony is called pidyon ha-ben in Hebrew. Originally the ceremony is organized by the biblical law. This tradition is based on the divine command to redeem the first born. The ceremony is still observed by Orthodox Jews. In Orthodox families, the ceremony is followed by a major celebration. The father then brings the baby to the Kohain and informs him that this is his first born child from his Jewish wife. The ceremony begins with the father bringing his son before a kohein, and announcing that the child is the firstborn son.

Coming of Age: Bar and Bat Mitzvah: Coming of Age: Bar and Bat Mitzvah is the Hebrew phrase for “coming of age” or “commandment age”. It is the Jewish boy, and a Bat Mitzvah a Jewish girl, who has turned 13 years old for girl and who has gone through a ceremony that represents acceptance of some responsibilities which symbolizes their coming of age. Today, boys and girls may mark this event by leading services, reading from the Torah, or doing community service projects. This age is minimum age qualification for marriage. Today they celebrate with the music, dancing, food, gifts and activities for the guest. A Bar or Bat Mitzvah is a milestone event in a young person’s life.

Jewish Marriage Traditions: Jewish Marriage Traditions are the ceremony of the wedding. Jewish marriage ceremony is performed under a special canopy, called a huppah, which represents God's presence, shelter and protection. The couple is exchanging wedding vows, seven marriage blessings are read. It is also traditional for the bride and groom to be alone together for a few moments immediately after the ceremony. In this time the groom ware white-colored cap. This ceremony traditionally called as the yichud.

Divorce in Judaism: Divorce in Judaism is the great tragedy of the Judaism. This religion is accepted divorce as a fact of life, albeit an unfortunate one. In Jewish law, a man can divorce a woman for any reason or no reason. Traditionally, Jewish divorce is granted by a rabbinical court. The divorced person granted by the remarry. But wife is prohibited from marrying for 90 days. Because she quickly remarries and becomes pregnant there will be no questions of paternity. Divorce is a tragedy, but sometimes it's the right thing to do.

Death Rituals and the Chevra KaddishaL: Death Rituals and the Chevra KaddishaL is the natural part of the life. Many laws and customs govern the process of death, burial and mourning. There are no deathbed confessions, and on the first hearing of the death. The Jewish traditional the death body is eyes are closed, the body is covered and laid on the floor, and candles are lit next to it. All Jews, rich or poor, are buried in tachrichin as a statement of the equality in death. Once the body is laid to rest in the casket, it remains closed. Judaism does not allow the viewing of the body.

Mourning: Mourning is the period between death and burial is also as called as the aninut, during which the chief grievers are not obliged to observe the mitzvot. Mourning is the synonymous with grief over the death of someone. In this time they ware dark, sombre clothes is one practice followed in many countries. When death takes a loved one, life seems empty and the future dark. After the first year, the anniversary of death is remembered annually at the synagogue. The chief grievers include the seven close relatives: father, mother, brother, son, daughter and wife or husband. For them, the Jewish law marks different stages of mourning which help them to come to terms with their grief. Jews have guidance at sad times in our lives, because tradition has outlined ways to deal with death and its grief.
Jewish Sects
The historical Jewish movements are Pharisses, Sadduccees and Essenes. These are the responses to the Roman rule of the Israel. The major modern movements are the Reform, Orthodox and Conservative. These are the responses to the modern, secular culture of the Europe and the America. These differences, between the Jewish denominations are also known as the movements. It is varying responses to changing times and cultures.

Orthodox Judaism: The term Orthodox Judaism is only emerged as a result of the growth of new branches of Judaism. All of the Orthodox movements are very similar in their observance and beliefs, differing only in the details that are emphasized. The American and Canadian Orthodox Jews are organized under the Orthodox Union. Orthodox Judaism believes that both the Written and Oral Torah are of divine origin. Orthodox Judaism is the only movement that has preserved the mystical foundations of Jewish theology, referred to as Kabbalah.

Reform Judaism: Reform Judaism is born at the time of the French Revolution. In 1815, after Napoleon's defeat, Jews lost the rights of citizenship in several countries. Thoughtful Jews were concerned about this. Thoughtful Jews were concerned for Reform Judaism. He suggested that Jews study their history and learn of the great achievements of the past. Reform Judaism is the term also may refer to the Israeli Progressive Movement, the worldwide Progressive movement, the Reform movement in Judaism.

Conservative Judaism: The Conservative Judaism is also known as the Masorti Judaism. Conservative Judaism believes that scholarly study of Jewish texts indicates that Judaism has constantly been evolving to meet the needs of the Jewish people in varying circumstances. Conservative Judaism has its roots in the school of thought known as Positive-Historical Judaism. It is the developed on 1850s in Germany. Local rabbis will make use of traditional sources. Conservative Judaism is founded the period of 1801-75. In New York Solomon Schechter reorganized the Jewish Theological Seminary in 1902. Conservative Judaism attempts to combine a positive attitude toward modern culture.

Hasidic Judaism: Hasidic is also called Hasidim in Hebrew. In the Sefer Hasidim austere religious life of these early Hasidim is the documented. The movement originated in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. At that time Jews were experiencing great persecution. Hasidic Judaism began in an honest effort to restore the joy of Judaism to the average Jew. Hasidic Judaism is a Haredi Jewish religious movement. The largest Hasidic groups are located today in Israel and the United States.

Kabbalah: Jewish Mysticism: Kabbalah means to receive in Hebrew language. Kabbalah is a necessary part of the Torah followed by its followers. Kabbalah originally developed entirely within the milieu of Jewish thought and constantly uses classical Jewish sources to explain and demonstrate its esoteric teachings. The term "Kabbalah" has become the main descriptive of Jewish esoteric knowledge and practices. The Sanhedrin leaders were also concerned that the practice of Kabbalah by Jews deported on conquest to other countries.
Jewish Practices and Jewish Kosher Dietary Laws
Jewish ritual religious observe the grounded in Jewish law. The Halakhah shows gratitude to God. Many customs cover all Synagogue ritual and every life cycle event.

The Mitzvot: Mitzvot as is the Festival of Sukkot. Some of the mitzvot are clear, explicit commands in the Bible. Some of the mitzvot overlap The 613 commandments are either "positive commandments" to perform an act of the Mitzvot. Many of the mitzvot cannot be observed following the destruction of the Second Temple. There is also complete agreement that these 613 mitzvot can be broken down into 248 positive mitzvot and 365 negative mitzvoth. Similarly, Israel and the nations come and contend before God on Rosh Hashanah, and we do not know who has prevailed.

The 613 Commandments: 613 commandments are recorded in 12th century. This listing is taken from his classic compendium of Jewish law. The 613 commandments are either "positive commandments" to perform an act or "negative commandments" to abstain from certain acts. This list is reprinted from the book, "Bible Basics," a user-friendly, illustrated reference guide to the Five Books of Moses. In terms of the basic underlying reason for the specific commandment. According to this division, there are three types of "testimonies." This includes all commandments that are meant to bear witness. For example, the festival of Passover is a reminder of the Exodus from Egypt. The festival of Passover is a reminder of the Exodus from Egypt.

Rabbinic Law: Rabbinic Law is collected by the Jewish religious law. The rabbinical portion of halakhah falls into three groups. The groups are a gezeirah, takkanah, and minhag. The gezeriah is a rule instituted by the rabbis to prevent inadvertent violation of a mitzvah.

The Synagogue: The synagogue is the Jewish house of prayer and study. It is first identified in 1866. And it is the Second Temple in 69/70 C.E. The Synagogue once had an old copy of the Old Testament, and it was said that Ezra the Prophet had written it. The synagogue as it appeared in 381 was described by the Spanish pilgrim. A synagogue may be decorated with artwork, but in the Rabbinic and Orthodox tradition, three-dimensional sculptures and depictions of the human body are not allowed, as these are considered akin to idolatry. The present building dates back to 1892. The synagogue as it appeared in 381 was described by the Spanish pilgrim.

Jewish Worship and Prayer: Many Jews sway their body back and forth during prayer. Observant Jews are expected to recite three prayers daily and more on the Sabbath and Jewish holidays. In Orthodox services this is followed by a series of readings from Biblical and rabbinic writings recalling the offerings made in the Temple in Jerusalem. Two prayers starting with Yekum Purkan, composed in Babylon in Aramaic, are similar to the subsequent Mi sheberakh, a blessing for the leaders and patrons of the synagogue.

Keeping Kosher: Jewish Dietary Laws: Kosher dietary laws may seem complicated but Jewish people who keep kosher; it is a sacred duty and a pleasure. It is the same root as the more commonly known word "kosher," which describes food that meets these standards. Food can be kosher without a rabbi or priest ever becoming involved with it. Kosher is not a style of cooking. Traditional Ashkenazic Jewish foods like knishes, bagels, blintzes, and matzah ball soup can all be non-kosher if not prepared in accordance with Jewish law. This is the important law for the Jewish people have been demonstrated in times of persecution, in which Jews have been forced to eat non-kosher foods under penalty of death: many Jews chose to die rather than break kosher.Recitation of prayers is Jewish worship for the central characteristic. These prayers are instructions and commentary is found in siddur. These are all founded in the Jewish prayer book.
Jewish Texts
In this text has remembered the great things God has done for the Jewish people in history. Jewish Text seminar represents a liberal approach to the study of Jewish Texts through a return to active learning. The importance of Judaism's sacred texts extends far beyond their religious significance. The text is the historical and cultural wealth which is critically examined and studied. The text has evident in much of Israel's modern culture, which draws on the legacies of the past even as it gives voice to the issues and concerns of the present. This is the part of the Jewish child's education.

Tanakh: Tanakh is the sacred text. The importance of Judaism's sacred texts extends far beyond their religious significance. The elements of the Tanakh are incorporated in various forms in Christian Bibles, in which, with some variations, it is called the "Old Testament". The Tanakh is also called Mikra. "Tanakh" was not used as a word or term. The three-part division reflected in the acronym "Tanakh" is well attested to in documents from the Second Temple period and in Rabbinic literature. The Tanakh counts as one book what are sometimes counted as two in Christian Bibles. For example one and two is Samuel, one and two is Kings and so forth. There are two major approaches towards study and commentary on, the Tanakh.

Torah: The word "Torah" is a tricky one, because it can mean different things in different contexts. The Torah is the most holy of the sacred writings in Judaism. The books that Christians call the New Testament are not part of Jewish scripture. Torah was created prior to the creation of the world, and that it was used as the blueprint for Creation. The Torah has also been accepted to varying degrees by the Samaritans. The Torah scrolls that we read from in synagogue are un-pointed text.

Talmud: The Oral Torah: Judaism that does not accept the authority of the Oral Law, while accepting the authority of the Written Torah, is called Karaite Judaism. Rabbis of the Talmudic era conceived of the Oral Law in two distinct ways. The Talmud also plays an important role in Conservative Judaism. Oral traditions are the observed on the other cultures. Although the Oral Law has been in written form for almost 18 centuries. It is another important text between the Tanakh.

Midrash: Midrash is the large body of rabbinical material derived primary from sermons. The term 'Midrash' can refer to a particular way of reading and interpreting a biblical verse. The term 'Midrash' can refer to a book - a compilation of Midrashic teachings. Midrash minimizes the authority of the wording of the text as communication, normal language. This allows for some very powerful and moving interpretations which, to the ordinary user of language, seem to have very little connection with the text. The former is still studied today, while the latter was used by many medieval Jewish authorities.

Responsa: Responsa is an answer given by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith on certain matters. It has the thousands of volumes of answers to specific questions on Jewish law. The questions forwarded are usually practical, and often concerned with new contingencies for which no provision has been made in the codes of law. Responsa began to be compiled in the middle Ages and continue to the present day. The Responsa accordingly contain rulings on ethics. Older Responsa are also important for readings and emendations of the Mishnah and the Talmud. The Holy Office is the sole and exclusive doctrinal organization which has the right to give Responsa.

Zohar: Zohar is also known as the “Book of Splendour”. The Zohar is a Kabbalistic commentary on the Hebrew Bible. It is not one book, its group of books. The Zohar first appeared in Spain in the 13th century. Dozens of pages in this book are devoted to analyses of the hidden meaning behind first few letters of Genesis. The Zohar was quoted by Todros Abulafia, by Menahem Recanati, and even by Isaac of Acco. The Zohar was held to be an authentic book of mysticism passed down from the second century. Zohar is followed by the almost Orthodox Jews for that matter many of them were themselves Kabbalists.
Jewish Hebrew Alphabet
Jewish Hebrew alphabet is written from right to left. In this type write not only Hebrew all Jewish languages that employ it. The Hebrew alphabet is not a true alphabet it is in fact an abjad. There are over 150 laws concerning how the Hebrew Alphabet must be written by the Jewish Scribe. According to the mystics of the Jewish tradition, the entire cosmos is said to be created from the 22 consonants of the Hebrew Aleph Bet. The characters of the Hebrew Alphabet are derived from the so-called Phenician or Old Semitic letters. The Aramaic characters had undergone many changes in development before the Jews became acquainted with them. Ancient monuments with square letters are very rare. The number of inscriptions relating to this period is very small, and their contents are of little importance. The great importance, however, which was attached to these manuscripts led to great care in the execution of the characters. The number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet, their order, their names, and their phonetic values are virtually identical to those of the Aramaic alphabet. Hebrew letters are also used to denote numbers, nowadays used only in specific contexts.

All languages are write to left to right but Hebrew and Yiddish languages are write from right to left. In Jewish language first letter is Alef and Tav is the last letter. In other words, the entire universe is created and sustained by divine language.