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Orthodox Churches

S.NO. Orthodox Churches Holidays Month/Date Days
1 Christmas Eve
2 Christmas Day
3 Epiphany
4 Presentation Christ
5 Annunciation
6 Transfiguration
7 Assumption Virgin Mary
8 Nativity Virgin Mary
9 Elevation Life-giving Cross
10 Triodion
11 Saturday of Meatfare
12 Meatfare
13 Second Saturday of Great Lent
14 Cheesefare
15 Lent Begins
16 Third Saturday of Great Lent
17 Sun. Orthodoxy 3
18 Lazarus
19 Palm Sunday
20 Holy Friday
21 Pascha/Easter
22 Ascension
23 Fourth Saturday of Great Lent
24 Pentecost
25 Apostles Fast Begins
26 Saints Cyril, Methodius Day
27 Easter Monday
28 Pentecost Monday
29 Easter Tuesday
Orthodox Churches
Orthodox Church is also officially known as the Orthodox Catholic Church. This is the second largest Christian communion in the world commonly referred to in English speaking countries as the Eastern Orthodox Church. There are 225 million members in this communion. 2000 years ago Jesus Christ and his Apostles have established the Catholic and Apostolic Churches. The Orthodox Church is composed of several self-governing ecclesial bodies which are mostly surrounded by a nation. Each of the self-governing body is geographically different but they are all same in theology. Each of these autocephalous is governed and guided by council of bishops who is to teach and keep the Apostolic and traditions of the early fathers and their writings. Like Roman Catholic, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican and some other churches the orthodox bishops are also descendants of the Apostles through the process of Apostolic Succession. Orthodox Church is considering its Holy Tradition to be the continuous expression of the Spirit. St. Paul and the Apostles are established the Orthodox Church. It is development back through the Byzantine and Roman empires. The Orthodox Church practices original ancient traditions which are based on growth without changes. The Orthodox Church has sometimes shared the non-doctrinal things from local Greek, Slavic and Middle Eastern traditions which have resulted in shaping the cultural developments among these countries. It has aspects of Holy Tradition held in a holistic unity.
Orthodox Christian Beliefs
The Orthodox Christians believe in Trinity. Godhead has been originated from Father and the son is the offspring of the father. From the son only the eternal Holy Spirit proceeds. The Holy Trinity is the distinct divine personality of these three. Although Christians say that they believe in one God. They led to the conclusion that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one God according to the doctrine of the Trinity.

Sin, salvation and the incarnation:
Sin is the fundamental change in human nature. The main concept of the sin is separation from God and the reduction of man to a separate and autonomous existence. In the early days of human existence man has two choices for learning the difference between good and evil that is through participation or through observation. The biblical story of Adam and Eve represents this choice. God is deprived of both his natural glory and his freedom. The Orthodox Christians believe that man was born, lived, died, and rose again by the power of the Holy Spirit. Human nature is changed thus saving us from the fate of hell.

Recreation of Christ is the central event in the liturgical year of the Orthodox Church. They were understood in the literal terms as a real historical event. They have dedicated a day to celebrating the Resurrection and the triune God in every Sunday.

Bible, holy tradition and the patristic consensus:
Bible is the divinely inspired Word of God. Bible has an inspired origin. It is central to the life of the Church. Bible is the primary and authoritative witness to Holy Tradition. Christ and His apostles have founded the historical and organic continuation of the original Church. Orthodox Christians believe that the only way to correctly understand the Bible is within the Church.

Territorial expansion and doctrinal integrity:
From moment of Christ commissioned the generations of apostles, the church has began to grow. In this time there were numerous followers who attached themselves to the Christ and His mission on Earth. During this period the followers of Christ who retained the distinct duty of being commissioned with preserving the quality of life and lessons revealed through the experience of Jesus living, dying, resurrecting and ascending.

The Theotokos and the saints:
The Orthodox Christians believes death and the separation of body and soul to be unnatural. All persons who are currently in heaven are considered to be saints. Saints are venerated but not worshiped since worshipping is due for the God alone. The Theotokos was chosen by God and freely co-operated in that choice to be the Mother of Jesus Christ.

Orthodox Christian History
Christianity religion was spread throughout the Roman Empire within a short time. In 4th century the Christianity had spread in many countries. From the 4th century the Orthodox Church has several doctrinal disputes. The Orthodox Church is the second largest Christian community in the world. Eastern Christian culture has reached their golden age during the high point of Byzantine Empire. In Egypt the church has split into two groups about the relation between the divine and human natures of the Jesus. Orthodox Christianity is the salvation of every human person. The Oriental Orthodox is sometimes referred to as "non-Chalcedonians" or "anti-Chalcedonians". Their church denies that it is monophysite and prefers the term "miaphysite". Christianity has made great inroads into Eastern Europe in 9th and 10th century. In 11th century Eastern Church was the western interpretation of the procession of the Holy Spirit. During this period a division between Rome and Constantinople recognized as the Great Schism took place. This is the separation from the Church of the West, the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Byzantine Churches now the Orthodox. In the year of 1453 the Byzantine Empire fell to the Ottoman Empire. Near East also achieved their freedom as a result of the breakup of the Ottoman Empire. In the fifth century Jerusalem has been an independent patriarchate. Russian Orthodox Church had been independent of the State in 1666. The Orthodox Church was clergy in Russia with the cause of the White Army in the Civil War. Albania was the first state which declared itself officially fully atheist. Orthodox Church has Holy Tradition which is the deposit of faith given by Jesus Christ to the Apostles. Orthodox Church history has a theological importance because of the incarnation of Jesus Christ.
Orthodox Christian Practices
Orthodox Church practices are related to the apostolic and patristic traditions. Orthodox is not some type of purely earthly organization. The Orthodox Church is not any kind of "monopoly" or "business" of the clergy. It is the close-knit spiritual union of all who truly believe in Christ. Some of the Christians are rejected by the majority of Protestant groups. The practices understand to be the original ancient traditions. The Protestant confessions understand by the Orthodox Church. Protestantism saved by a personal action of God. This has saved the Orthodox Church. Salvation is an individual state. Orthodoxy is a scriptural faith. The orthodox faiths teach that salvation is not individual. Salvation is following the Christ into paradise. The act of “Placing the cross on oneself” is a request for blessing from God. Orthodox crosses them from right to left. Looking at parishioners God blesses from the left to right. In the Roman Catholic Churches blessed from right to left. It is followed by orthodox also until the15th and 16th Century. The parishioners put on the sign from right to left. St. John was a Forerunner and baptized Jesus. He left for the wilderness and embarked upon a forty day fast. The holy Evangelist Matthew wrote his gospel in order to evangelize. Before St Matthew recounts the Lord’s fasting in the wilderness, he indicates that the Jesus is the Messiah of the Jews. The Messiah would fulfill all the commandments.
Orthodox Christian Denominations
Mainly Orthodox Churches are belonging into two groups. They are Eastern Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy. The Eastern Orthodoxy has some minor distinct theological emphases and expressions. Oriental Orthodoxy does not adhere to the teachings of Eutyches. Orthodox Church became a distinct branch in the 11th century after "Great Schism." The two groups have Christological difference that the Eastern Orthodoxy like the Roman Catholic Church believes that Jesus exists "in two natures", one human and one divine and that "both natures concur in one person and in one reality. They are not divided into two persons but they are together the one and only. The Oriental Orthodoxy did not accept the definition. Oriental Orthodoxy comprises those Christians who did not accept the Council of Chalcedony. Christology says that the Divine nature commonly referred to as “the fall of man” and it represents a fundamental change in human nature. The solution to this problem was for God to effect another change in human nature. Virgin Mary was the mother of Jesus Christ. Divine nature was united with the human nature which he took of the Virgin Mary. Icons depict Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, the saints and important Biblical events. The divine and human natures both are formed out of the "The One Nature of God the Incarnate Logos". The Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox were misunderstood and accused of Dyophysitism. The theological dialogues between into the two families of churches are having large measure of agreement. The two families understand of what full communion means that is very similar to that of the Catholic Church. Orthodoxy was very strong in Russia which had recently acquired an autocephalous status. Eastern Orthodox Churches and Oriental Orthodox Churches are using the traditional Western liturgies rather than adopting Eastern liturgies. The Eastern and Oriental churches are celebrating Byzantine Rite liturgy in different languages. In some cases the Oriental Orthodoxy is also called the Malabar Independent Syrian Church in India. Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox church traditions follow Julian calendar.
Orthodox Christian Holidays and Orthodox Christian Calendar
All Orthodox Christian holidays are listed above. To learn more about a specific Orthodox Christian holiday, please click the link of that particular Orthodox Christian holiday.